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IN THE FLIGHT PATHS OF HEROES, The pigeons and the pathfinders on the road to victory 75 years ago.

By Chris Williams

As a writer my mind  is a strange thing , some days I can sit at my desk with every intention of tapping out an article  and nothing happens  and another time I can see or hear something which piques my interest and the next thing I know I am busy thrashing out “pigeon prose “ on my laptop.

This was  most definitely the case,  when a friend of mine posted a photograph  of one of their training spots which happens to be a disused  air strip  which in the dark period that we now know as the second  world war  was used by the  heroic  pathfinders  who’s unenviable   task it was to  parachute behind enemy lines and ahead of the main Allied  landing forces  Their tasks were to mark the drop zones  or landing zones  and  set up radio beacons as a guide for the aircraft carrying the main force and to clear and protect the area as the main force arrived.   As one would expect such missions  were highly dangerous. Such as operation Tonga” this  was an essential  element to the success of  D-day. The operations objective included the capture of two key   bridges  over the Caen Canal and Orne River which were to be used by Allied ground forces to advance once the seaborne landings had taken place . The pathfinders also had to destroy several other bridges to deny their use to the German troops  and secure several important villages. The division was also assigned the task of assaulting and destroying the Merville Gun Battery, an artillery battery that Allied intelligence believed housed a number of heavy artillery pieces, which could bombard Sword   beach and possibly inflict heavy casualties on the Allied troops landing there . The offensive on the  Merville Gun Battery is a an event which pigeon fanciers who are proud of the role our winged warriors played during  this turning point in world history should be aware of Allied paratroopers from the 21st Army Group were dropped behind enemy lines days before, along with a pigeon  in a small basket. Their mission was to ensure the guns were out of action and relay that information back to Allied Command. The mission ran into numerous problems, with many of the troops failing to make the rendezvous and critically, radios going missing. Despite this, around 150 paratroopers launched an assault and managed to disable the battery. Without radio equipment, their only way to get a message back was to release the pigeon with a message containing  news of the operation's success. The gallant bird flew through a storm of bullets, bombs and driving rain and as result was awarded the Dicken medal and given the name “The Duke of Normandy “.

As I sit here marveling  over this heroic feat , the fancier  in me asks the question if the birds of the pigeon service  could make it  home in such conditions, are we not perhaps  a little too soft on the pigeons of today, but that is a discussion for another time.

Looking  into both the pathfinders and the Dicken medal also showed another link not only the county of Dorset  but also the late  great  Jack Adams a fancier and writer whom I have hero worshiped  since  reading “A lifetime with racing pigeons “, which I borrowed from my Dad at the age of twelve and is still on my side of the pigeon bookshelf today!  Jack writes with striking clarity  an amazing account of the historic day of June 6th 1944 : D-day will always be manifest in my mind , it was the day RAF Hurn(now Bournemouth airport ) became a bee hive of activity with fortress bombers commuting all day long in support of the Normandy landings , the three lofts supplied almost 50 pigeons two to each aircraft . Attached  to each pigeons leg was a plastic tube container which contained  a message slip . Jack goes on to explain  how of all the pigeons that were on active service  that day a blue checkered pied cock with the ring number  NPS.43.9451 ,  which he describes as his favorite pigeon that handled beautifully and was a well-balanced long casted intelligent specimen  would  win the Dicken medal and  thereafter  would be forever known as “Paddy”


Pigeon ­ NPS.43.9451
Bred by A S Hughes, Northern Ireland
Date of Award: 1 September 1944
“For the best recorded time with a message from the Normandy Operations, while serving with the RAF in June 1944

Prior to the D-Day Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, Paddy was delivered to Hurn and two days later, he was among thirty pigeons taken to France by a unit of the First US Army. Paddy was released at 8.15 a.m. on June 12th, 1944, carrying coded information on the Allied advance, and returned back to his home loft at RAF Hurn in a record-breaking 4 hours and 50 minutes. This was the fastest time recorded by a message carrying pigeon and, in recognition of his remarkable contribution; Paddy was awarded the Dickin Medal, the animal equivalent of the Victoria Cross.

Reading the exploits  of the extraordinary pigeons and people of world war two has only deepened my interest and admiration for the humble racing pigeon but it has also enabled me to understand that pigeons  are far more capable of feats that even we fanciers  cannot  comprehend and this to me is what makes the enigma of pigeon racing such a powerful puzzle to solve. Making it the most attractive sport on the planet ,long may this legendry sport continue and may its incredible legacy be remembered because as a great man once said “Never was so much owed by so many to so few" 


The Duke of Normandy



An example of a badge from the national pigeon service


Lea Raynor

 Head of the pigeon service Wing commander Lea Raynor.